Solving the Abbreviation problem (Part 2)
Hi all, previously I told you about the APA abbreviation pattern. Today I am here to guide you about MLA abbreviations. So here are some Pros and Cons of MLA abbreviations pattern.
Do not (.) in abbreviations composed solely of capital letters, except in the case of proper names:
US, MA, CD, HTML
P. D. James, J. R. R. Tolkien, E. B. White
Use (.) if the abbreviation ends in a lower case letter, unless referring to an internet suffix, where the period should come before the abbreviation:
assn., conf., Eng., esp.
.com, .edu, .gov (URL suffixes)
Degree names are a notable exception to the lowercase abbreviation rule.
PhD, EdD, PsyD
Use(.) between letters without spacing if each letter represents a word in common lower case abbreviations:
a.m., e.g., i.e.
mph, os, rpm, ns
Condense citations as much as possible using abbreviations.
Remember to follow common trends in abbreviating time and location within citations. Month names longer than four letters used in journal and magazine citations:
Jan., Sept., Nov.
Geographic names of states and countries in book citations when the publisher’s city is not well known or could be confused with another city. Abbreviate country, province, and state names.
Logan, UT; Manchester, Eng.; Sherbrooke, QC
Common scholarly abbreviations:
• Anon. for anonymous
• C. or ca. for circa
• Comp. for compiler
• Fwd. for foreword
• Jour. for journal
• Lib. for library
• Sec. or sect. for section
• Ser. for series
• Var. for variant
Writ. for written by or writer
• Shorten publisher’s names as much as possible in book citations.
Rules for you to follow when abbreviating publishers:
• Omit articles, business abbreviations (like Corp. or Inc.), and descriptive words (e.g. Press, Publishers, House)
Cite only the last name of a publisher with the name of one person (e.g. Norton for W. W.Norton) and only the last name of the first listed for a publisher with multiple names (e.g.
• McGraw for McGraw-Hill)
• Use standard abbreviations when possible (e.g. Assn. or Soc.)
• Use the acronym of the publisher if the company is commonly know by that abbreviation
(e.g. MLA, ERIC, GPO)
• Use only U and P when referring to university presses (e.g. Cambridge UP or U of
So these were some ways to write abbreviations according to MLA format. If you are still not satisfied and want us to write term papers for you.