How should I incorporate citations and references in my work?

Gloria Hamilton 26/01/11 9:23 PM

When you are making your term paper you need to keep in mind some points related to citation and these are essential and very important for your term paper article. In this post I have decided to give some tips about various forms of citations and I am sure students will get benefit from that.

Each and every university requires that in assessed coursework and dissertations students place all legal citations, and all academic references into footnotes. This style is in keeping with legal academic practice in the UK, USA and elsewhere. PapersInn recommend that for the reader’s ease you set your word processing program so that these appear at the foot of each page in print view. Using the automatic numbering function, and automatic cross-referencing too if you like, you can ensure that the numbering remains consecutive and correct even if you add in new footnotes at a later stage. Legal citations and academic references should be dealt with together, as they arise in the text, in a single set of footnotes.

Sometimes additional information and comments are placed in footnotes: we recommend that you keep this to a minimum in student essays, where you will be working to tight word limits. A good rule of thumb here is that if the information is important enough to include, it should be in the text: if it is not important enough to warrant inclusion in the text, it is better excluded altogether.

Understanding the structure of legal citations

The following information is designed to help you to get started in constructing and decoding legal citations. For a fuller guide see OSCOLA, the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities, available at

References to cases traditionally were the reference to the set of Law Reports in which the case was reproduced. In England and Wales the various sets of Law Reports produced by different publishers, such as the Weekly Law Reports and the All England Law Reports, contained only some decided cases, selected for their importance i.e. because they were judged by the law reporters to have established, or affirmed, an important legal principle. Law reports were not traditionally produced by the courts, but by independent reporters, usually qualified barristers.

Now electronic publication allows for the courts to take a more direct role in publishing reports of cases.
Cases published here are given ‘neutral’ citations i.e. citations to the ‘official’ web location, rather than to a particular set of Law Reports. Technically they are not reports at all but “transcripts”. You will come across both types of citation in your studies, so it is essential to understand both. Any individual case may be reported in any number of law reports, and more recent cases may be published as transcripts online. Although there are rules which govern which reports ought to be cited by lawyers in court where multiple versions are available, for academic purposes you must simply cite the version which you have read.

So that’s all about the citation and Papers Inn provides all type of term papers, research papers, essays and thesis writing to students of all levels and please feel comfortable to place your Order!

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