Leadership

Leadership can be defined as the abilities of a person to influence, motivate as well as being able to enable others to positivly contribute towards a single gole. Organizationally, it has a direct effect on the costs, revenues, earnings, market value, , share price, service, satisfaction, social capital, motivation, engagement as well as sustainability. Leadership can be seen as the ability of an individual to lay out rules for others to follow and to lead from the front. In this article we will talk about the most important aspects of leadership:

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  1. Leadership And Management
  2. Business Leadership
  3. Leadership Challenges And Skills
  4. Leadership In Organizations
  5. Self-Leaderships

Leadership is characterized by taking responsibility is areas like

  • Taking the blame when things go wrong.
  • Celebrating group achievements, even minor ones.
  • Giving credit where it is due.

Leadership and Management

Leadership and management are two ideas that are used interchangeably quite often. However, these two words actually have very different meanings and describe different concepts. Leaders have vision, strategies, goals and values as their guide-post for action and behavior. They are observers and sensitive people. They know their team and increase mutual confidence.

Managing and leading are simply two different ways to organize people. Managers usually focus on formal, rational methods whereas a leader is stirred by emotions and passion. Naturally, groups are more loyal to leaders usually than to managers.

Business Leadership

Today, the ever-changing business environment exerts great emphasis upon leadership. Many leaders today are learning to go with their Intuitiveness instead of relying on the book because rapid changes in the world today combined with information overload prevents a leader to “know” everything, business leaders show Maturity and Team Orientation to help them understand the difference between encouraging and motivating others for productive outcomes than ruling them whilst emphasizing upon teamwork. Business leaders should be able tolerate frustration and stress in order to face challenges. Business leadership demands leaders to have characteristics like Dominance which enables them to be decisive in their work actions with assertiveness in thinking style and attitude. Enthusiasm makes the leader expressive, active and energetic during overcoming obstacles and while, dealing with people working under him. A social Boldness characteristic tends to make a leader a risk-taker while being socially aggressive and generally thick-skinned in the business environment. Tough-mindedness and Self-assurance in business leaders helps to take practical, logical, and to-the-point actions. While self assurance and self confidence makes the leader secure and unaffected by prior mistakes or failures. Compulsiveness enables a leader to be very precise in their social interactions while being careful when making decisions or determining specific actions.

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Leadership theory and ethics:

The ethics of leadership is rooted upon three pillars: (1) the moral character of the leader, (2) the ethical values embedded in the leader’s vision, articulation, and planning which followers either accept or reject, and (3) the morality of the processes of social ethical choice and action that leaders and followers engage in and collectively pursue. There are three underlying leadership theories about concerned with ethics. First, the utilitarian theory which suggests that plan and actions should be evaluated by their consequences. The basic idea is that such plans or actions should produce maximum good for maximum people. Second, the theory based on rights, a number of these rights can be found in the Bill of Rights such as freedom of speech and conscience. Third, the theory of justice demands that decision makers be guided by fairness, equity as well as impartiality. In organizations, leaders compete to achieve their goal, the methods of getting to the goal raises the levels of ethical behavior exercised.

Leadership challenges and skills:

In today’s world challenges faced by leaders such as developing empathy which is to “put one-self in other’s shoes” to gain trust of employees, since without trust no best efforts from employees could be produced. The leadership skills require strength and concentration to manage teamwork. Research survey conducted in June 2002 by the Society for Human Resource Management and the SHRM Human Forum showed that external leadership development was applicable in 57% of the organizations of the respondents and 51% used in-house leadership.

Challenges faced by leaders today include the task of managing an older workforce combined with the digital generation, addressing consumers’ needs and satisfaction, responding to a changing economy, leading a diverse workforce comprising of ethnic minorities. Three general skills are required for leading:

  • Diagnosing- understanding the situation before taking action.
  • Adapting- altering behavior and other resources available to meet the demands of a situation.
  • Communicating-interacting with other members and customers in a way that people can easily understand and accept.

Leadership in organizations:

Leadership in organizations is defined as an unseen force, art or process of influencing people as they strive willingly and enthusiastically for accomplishing group goals. The essence of leadership is follower ship, which is willingness of people to follow that makes a person a leader. Depending on the quality of the directors’ leadership the orchestra will respond. Leaders envision the future; they install values of quality management, risk taking calculations and concerns for employees and customers. Despite changes in organizations, the parameters of successful leadership is leader-follower interaction in the pursuit of goal accomplishment combined with readiness assessment, plausible results, and effective follow up. Leadership is behavioral science. It is a fulltime responsibility that must be practiced every hour of every day for an organization to be successfully maintained.

Self-leaderships:

Self leaderships include leading one-self toward Career Development which requires career planning, finding jobs, networking, constructing proper resumes. Personal development and productivity demands assessments, setting goals, changing one’s behavior, proper training and learning Style Inventory, increasing mind power and reading skills, decision making, problem solving. Personal Wellness includes self-confidence, assertiveness, stress management and work-life Balance etc. Managing one-self through these obstacles results in fruitful self-leaderships.

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